The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the ticket sales and the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone).India is a large country where many languages are spoken. According to the 1991 Census of India there are about 10,400 ‘raw mother tongues’ in India. If closely related and mutually comprehensible dialects are grouped, the number can be reduced to 1576 ‘rationalized’ mother tongues, or with even more consolidation, 114 main languages. These 114 languages are the ones surveyed in the Indian census. Indian film producers have made films in thirty of the largest languages. However, only the very largest language groups support major regional industries. These are: Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, Marathi, Kannada, Odiya and Malayalam. Official statistics categorise Indian films according to the languages in which they are distributed.
There is a great deal of mobility between the regional industries. Many workers in other regional industries, once their talent and popularity is established, move on to work in other film industries, nationally as well as internationally. For example, A.R.Rahman, one of the best known film music composers in Indian cinema, started his career in Tamil Cinema in Chennai but has since worked in Bollywood, London, and New York. Similarly, films that succeed in one language are often remade or dubbed in others. Films like Padosa and Roja, for example, were re-made or dubbed from their original Bengal and Tamil versions respectively, into Hindi.
Bhojpuri (Purvanchal) film industry
Bhojpuri dialects, varieties, and creoles are also spoken in various parts of the world, including Brazil, Fiji, Guyana, Mauritius, South Africa, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, many colonizers had faced labor shortages and were unable to obtain slaves from Africa due to the abolition of slavery; thus, they imported many Indians as indentured servants to labor on plantations. Today, many Indians in the West Indies, Oceania, and South America still speak Bhojpuri as a native or second language.
The Bengali (Bangla) film industry
The history of cinema in Bengal dates back to the 1890s, when the first “bioscopes” were shown in theatres in Calcutta. Within a decade, the first seeds of the industry was sown by Hiralal Sen, considered a stalwart of Victorian era cinema when he set up the Royal Bioscope Company, producing scenes from the stage productions of a number of popular shows at the Star Theatre, Minerva Theatre, Classic Theatre. Following a long gap after Sen’s works, Dhirendra Nath Ganguly (Known as D.G) established Indo British Film Co, the first Bengali owned production company, in 1918. However, the first Bengali Feature film, Billwamangal, was produced in 1919, under the banner of Madan Theatre. Bilat Ferat was the IBFC’s first production in 1921. The New Theatre production of Dena Paona was the first Bengali talkie. A long history has been traversed since then, with stalwarts such as Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen and Ritwik Ghatak and others having earned international acclaim and securing their place in the movie history. Today, there are two Bengali film industries, one in Kolkata (Calcutta), India and the lesser known one in Dhaka, Bangladesh (called Dhallywood). The film industry based in Kolkata is sometimes referred to as Tollywood, a portmanteau of the words Tollygunge, the area of South Kolkata where this industry is based, and Hollywood. The Bengali film industry has long centred in the Tollygunge district of Kolkata (Calcutta). Its most famous film director is Satyajit Ray, who won an Oscar for lifetime achievement in cinema. However, Bengali films have always remained the hot favourites among the National Awards jury almost every year since its inception. Some of the most popular Bengali film personalities include Kishore Kumar, Mithun Chakraborty, Uttam Kumar, Soumitro Chatterjee, and recently Proshenjit. Some of the other Bengalis who have made it big are Ashok Kumar, Bimal Roy, Mrinal Sen, Ritwik Ghatak, Aparna Sen, Suchitra Sen, Hemanta Mukherjee (Hemanth Kumar), Manna Dey, Sandhya Mukhopadhyay, and Rituparno Ghosh.
The Hindi film industry (Bollywood)
The Hindi film industry, based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), is the largest branch of Indian cinema. Hindi film Industry is often called ‘Bollywood’ (a melding of Hollywood and Bombay). The word “Bollywood” is sometimes applied to Indian cinema as a whole, especially outside South Asia and the South Asian diaspora, but this usage is incorrect. Bollywood has been recently greatly criticized for what critics see as a violation of Indian cultural values and its discussion of controversial topics. It is considered the most liberal out of the Indian language film industries.
Regional movies are distinctively different from Bollywood (Hindi) movies, as the stories and themes of these movies portray the culture of the region from which they originate, while most Bollywood movies nowadays are greatly influenced by Western culture.
Although Bollywood does not distribute a lot of films, it can be considered to be largest in terms of viewers. It is believed that Bollywood movies are watched by majority of the Indian movie goers. It also has international recognition, especially in Western countries such as the UK, USA, Canada, and Australia where there is a large South Asian community.
The Kannada film industry
The Kannada film industry, based in Karnataka, is sometimes called ‘Sandalwood’, as Karnataka is known for its sandalwood; however, this term does not seem to be in widespread use. The Gubbi Veeranna Company, or Veeranna’s Sri Chennabasaveshwara Krupa Poshita Nataka Sangha and other groups established themselves first as theatre troupes, and later went on to dominate kannada cinema into the 1960s. “They provided all its key directors like H.L.N . Simha, B. R. Panthulu and G. V. Iyer, its stars led by Rajkumar and Leelavathi and most of its early commercial hits: Bedara Kannappa (1953), for instance. The first big success in Kannada cinema adapted a Gubbi Company stage play written by G. V. Iyer to introduce the mythological adventure movie into that language.” Kannada films has become very popular after the recent hits like Jogi (2005) & Mungaru Male (2007). Mungaru Male has been the first Indian movie to be screened in many European countries.
The Kashmiri film industry
The Kashmiri film industry, which had been lying dormant since the release of Habba Khatoon in 1967, was revived after a 39-year hiatus with the release of Akh Daleel Loolech in 2006. However critics dispute this claim because this film was a small budget digital film which did not play in any film theatres except in a few private and film festival screening. Besides Akh Daleel Lolach uses a film style which is common on Kashmiri television and by those standards Kashmiri video makers were making films since early 1980s. Cinema halls had been shut down for a long time in Kashmir, by militants protesting against the New Delhi based Government. There are few cinema halls and a handful of directors have been returning to shoot in the region. Though the region was favoured by many producers as a scenic locale in pre-militancy era Bollywood movies as a romantic backdrop, the regional industry was not very strong, due to lack of finances and infrastructure.
The Malayalam film industry.
The Malayalam film industry, based in Kerala. Malayalam movies are known for their artistic nature and they frequently figure in the national film awards. It is also currently known for being the most conservative out of the different film industries in India, despite the fact that it went through a liberal phase in the 80’s. Notable personalities: filmmakers, Padmavibhushan Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Bharathan, Aravindan, Padmarajan, John Abraham; Sreenivasan, Shyamaprasad, Kamal, Renjith scriptwriter, M. T. Vasudevan Nair, Sreenivasan; cinematographer, Azhagappan, Santhosh Sivan, Shaji; actors, Bharath Gopi, Tilakan, Padmabhushan Prem Nazeer, Satyan, Padmashri Mammootty, Padmashri Mohanlal, Padmashri Balachandra Menon; playback singers, Padmabhushan Dr. K. J. Yesudas, Padmasree K. S. Chitra, P Jayachandran, M G Sreekumar and Sujatha.
The first 3D film which produced in India was in Malayalam. Its name was My Dear Kuttichatthan produced by Navodaya Productions. Padayottam, the first fully indigenous 70MM film with all its work done in India was in Malayalam which was also produced by Navodaya. The fist Cinemascope film in the world was produced in Malayalam. Chemmeen was the first film which earned a gold medal from the President from South India.”Guru”, directed by Rajiv Anchal, is the only Malayalam film proposed as the Indian entry by the Indian Film Industry council for Oscar Award so far.
The Marathi Film Industry
Dadasaheb Phalke, recognized as the father of Indian cinema, was a pioneer of movies in Marathi. He produced the first Indian silent movie, and later some Marathi talkies. In his honor, a much coveted “Dadasaheb Phalke Award” is given annually for exceptional contribution to Indian cinema.
1940s and ’50s formed the classical era of Marathi cinema, mainly because of some hallmark productions by the now extinct “Prabhat Film Company” in Kolhapur. As an offshoot of Prabhat, V. Shantaram founded “Rajkamal Studios” in Pune, and produced some excellent Marathi movies in the late 1950s and early ’60s.
Because of the rise of Hindi movies in Bollywood, Marathi film industry underwent a decline in the 1980s and ’90s. But recently it has been reviving with some quality movies like “Shwaas” (which earned an official Indian entry for an Oscar award in 2004), “Pak Pak Pakaak” (which won Swarovski Trophy in AFFF, Singapore, in 2005), “Uttaraayan”, “Aga Bai, Arecchaa”, “Shubhamangal Saavdhaan”, and “Saatchya Aat Gharaat”.
Bhalji Pendharkar, Baburao Painter, V.Shantaram, Dada Kondke, Raja Paranjpe, Mahesh Kothare, Smita Talwalkar, Sumitra Bhave, Sunil Sukthankar, Gajendra Ahire, Jabbar Patel, Amol Palekar, and Kedar Shinde are some of the notable directors and producers in Marathi cinema in the past few decades.
Modern Marathi actors include Dilip Prabhavalkar, Bharat Jadhav, and Sanjay Narvekar.
While some old Marathi movie songs remain popular, new composers like Ajay-Atul have been producing some very popular songs. Some of the old songs have also been remixed.
The Tamil film industry (Kollywood)
The Tamil film industry (Kollywood), based in the Kodambakkam area of Chennai is one of biggest film industries in India. Popularity and collections wise, the Tamil film industry is third only to the Hindi and Telugu film industries. Tamil films have enjoyed consistent popularity among Tamil speakers in India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia and Mauritius. Tamil films also receive fame in countries which contain Tamil immigrant communities such as the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and other European countries.
Kollywood remains third to Bollywood in India commercially and financially. Several technicians have crossed industries to encapture National fame such as Mani Ratnam, Selvaraghavan, A. R. Rahman, Shankar, Ravi K. Chandran and Jeeva. However unlike the technical counterparts, artistes from South India tend to fail to break into Bollywood, with only a handful breaking through, them being: Kamal Haasan, Sridevi, Madhavan, Siddharth Narayan and Asin Thottumkal.
Ironically, several Bollywood actresses made their débuts in Kollywood, with Aishwarya Rai appearing in Iruvar, Priyanka Chopra in Thamizhan, Lara Dutta in Arasatchi and Sushmita Sen in Ratchagan. Furthermore, several actresses have done Tamil films while struggling to breakthrough in Bollywood, such as Kajol and her sister, Tanisha as well as Amisha Patel.
In the Tamil film industry, directors such as K. Balachander, Shankar, Ameer, Bala, Bharathiraja, Balu Mahendra, and Mani Ratnam have achieved box-office success whilst producing films that have balanced art and popular elements. The Tamil film industry accounts for approximately 1% of the gross domestic product of the state of Tamil Nadu. Costs of production have grown exponentially from just under Rs.4 million in 1980 to over Rs.110 million by 2005 for a typical star-studded big-budget film. Similarly, costs of processing per print have risen from just under Rs.2,500 in 1980 to nearly Rs.70,000 by 2005. There has been a growing presence of English in dialogue and songs as well. It is not uncommon to see movies that feature dialogue studded with English words and phrases, or even whole sentences. Some movies are also simultaneously released in two or three regional languages (either using subtitles or several soundtracks). Contemporary Tamil movies often feature Madras Bashai, a colloquial version of Tamil spoken in Madras. A select few, Iruvar and older films based on epics, for instance, employ literary Tamil extensively in dialogues when the situation calls for it. Many Tamil films are also dubbed into Telugu and Hindi and released in their respective states.
The Telugu film industry
The Telugu film industry is based in Andhra Pradesh’s capital city, Hyderabad is second biggest industry in India after “Hindi” industry. The state also has what is claimed to be the largest film studio in the world, Ramoji Film City. The first studio for Telugu talkies was Vel Pictures, constructed in 1934 by P.V. Das, located at Madras. The first film made here was Sita Kalyanam. The first film made by a Telugu person, R.S. Prakash, was Bhishma Pratigna (The Pledge of Bhishma, 1922). Another important Telugu personality of this era was Y.V. Rao (1903-1973), an actor and director, whose silent film (directing) credits include Pandava Nirvana (1930), Pandava Agnathavaas (1930) and Hari Maya (1932). The first big movies in Telugu were made by the Surabhi Theatres troupes. They produced the first Telugu talkie, Bhakta Prahlada, directed by Hanumappa Munioappa Reddy in 1931. In the first few years of Telugu talkies, films were all mythological stories, taken from the stage. In 1936, Krittiventi Nageswara Rao made the first Telugu film not based on mythology, Premavijayam. The film influenced other Telugu film-makers into making such films. Some popular themes of these films (often called ‘social’ films) were the feudal zamindari system (Raitu Bidda, 1939), untouchability (Maala pilla, 1938), and widow remarriage. Since then, there have been both social (contemporary) and mythological or folk stories in Telugu cinema.
In the Telugu film industry, directors such as Kasinadhuni Viswanath (K.Viswanath), Ram Gopal Varma, Jandhyala, Krishna Vamsi and Singeetam SreenivasaRao have achieved box-office success whilst producing films that have balanced art and popular elements.Most number of Guinness records are in the telugu industry.Most number of films directed.most films produced by a producer.most number of songs sung by a male singer.and more .telugu Films have large box office collections in United States and England (UK) and most popular among the Indian abroad. Telugu files are also Remaked and Dubbed in other languages like Tamil,Malayalam and Kannada and will be release in respective states.
Telugu films are released in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, East Maharastra, Orissa and few parts of West Bengal. Telugu movies are released world wide in United States, Canada, parts of Europe, South Africa, Malaysia and Singapore.
While I was seeing videos in Youtube, I came across this video and the language is Moldovan and she is Romania. Her name is Cleopatra Stratan and is 3 years old!!!! Feel like I have wasted so many years of my life!!! It is one the most beautiful voice I have ever heard. She sings so sweet like an Angel. Wishing her all the best in the future. You must listen and watch this video. Im sure you will love it!!!!! Check out her cute expressions!!!!! Love it!!!!
The lyrics in english are below!!!!
My coat is on the hook
The sun seems to be doomed
And nothing’s really good.
I often think of Ghita…
But Ghita’s not in town
I know, I’ve asked around
It seems that he is gone
To get provisions…
Hard, it has been very hard
Want, but don’t know what I want
Of me, I know you too are fond…
Tell me, Ghita what is up?
Or come, or please go
Or tell me what to do
So please, don’t make me mad
Ghita, what’s up in your life?
Ghita, I’ll wait for you my dear Ghita
Tonight, at our place, do come,
But when you come don’t come as you do…
Usually, empty handed, who else
Is gonna wait for you as I do?…
A whole night, just for you my Ghita?
Show me just one other girl who
Can love you as much as I do!
Wow!! This is one of the best things in the whole world to experience, also one of the few things where being on the receiving side or the giving side doesn’t really matter. It’s such a beautiful sentence that I would like to hear from a person!!! I get so excited and over energized no matter how tired I feel and really they make MY DAY by saying so. I’m sure when I tell people the same , I just don’t say it for the sake of saying it. I really do say those words to the person who makes the inner me feel so happy or special within seconds. Small things make a huge difference!!!!
I was working in a restaurant as a waitress. I am usually a person who keeps smiling and try to make the other person feel that I am so ready to do what they want. This particular job has given me so many wonderful experiences in a very short time. I have people tell me that I look so happy and vibrant when ever they see me. I do that because the job demands that out of me and I am a cheerful person by nature. It didn’t seem very special when people usually say to me that I look happy and I am all smiles. But one particular day made me realize so many things that I wouldn’t have unless it happened. I saw an old lady come inside the restaurant, not very happy looking. I seated her and did what I had do. After I served her the food she just caught my hand and told me that I had a beautiful smile and that she was really happy. I was happy after hearing it but I really didn’t know that a smile of mine would actually make people feel better.
She told me that she was really upset about something and she felt lot better and then when she left, she called me, gave me a hug and said “YOU MADE MY DAY”. OMG!!!! Of course the tips that I got was good, but the happiness from her words and her hug meant more to me than anything else. Hearing those words from her and the way she was when she was leaving brought a glow to my face. That was one of the best days of my life. I still can remember each and everything that happened, that whole day was perfect. I had no problems,even if I did it really didn’t matter. I was smiling all day and other people who were total strangers too gave me broad smiles. I felt so light and I didn’t worry about anything, any problem that I had. I did do mistakes that day but it really didn’t matter. If it was just another normal day I sure would have felt so bad for making even a single mistake, but only that day did I realize that it wasn’t that bad to have made that mistake. It made me all the more careful and more perfect than I would have normally been.
The happiness that I was experiencing within me just spread like a disease. The place felt so positive and bright. I felt everyone around me were happy. I was really happy that I was sharing my happiness with people whom I didn’t know, for that second we were happy seeing each other, smiled and nothing else mattered. WOW!!! That feeling in me made me want to jump, scream and shout that at that point that I am the most happiest person in the world, this very minute, this very second. I clearly understood that the lady was happy in some way because of me and that I did spread that happiness to my friends and others around me. I am also sure that would have had a chain reaction.
I called home and my parents were very happy as we chatted more than usual and more smiles and laughter. I made them realize how important they were to me and the smiles on their face were beyond words. I hope the chain became bigger and made others day too!!!!!!! What started with one person and spread can make the world a different and better place to live in. I feel that what one does sub-consciously makes a difference in somebody’s life. So one need not try to help someone but just be good and the rest will follow. And also remember that “What goes around, comes around”.
Ketamine??? The drug!!!!
This article talks about how one can enter into the event planning business by beginning as an intern and getting their feet wet as the writer puts it and eventually find a place for oneself!!!! All her blogs give an idea as to where one can start from the scratch and become a part of this growing industry!!!
This UK based company brings together all the latest news on events and about other event planners!! This blog helps one to find the perfect wedding planner for their wedding!!:) This business is now doing wonders in many places around the world as people have no time to plan out the wedding of their life time. Thus I would love to get into this business and promise the 2 love birds to leave all their worries and hand it over to me to make it “the perfect wedding” that they have always been dreaming off!!!! The writer here talks about wedding planners and why should one really want/seek their help!!
This blog talks about how more new channels are beginning to show up and how the existing channels fight for FIRST PLACE. These channels are Tamil based and originates from Chennai. One can see the most competition during the festival times, how each channel wants to show better content and win viewers. Is it really the channels who are winning or is it the viewers who get to choose from all these different content from these different channels and watch the real winners??!!??!!??!!;)
I know I spend most of my time in you tube.. tell me who doesn’t?? I need not say anything about you tube but it actually helps me find songs that i had long forgotten!! Listenin to them again makes me feel so good!! But my favorite video is not those songs that I listen to but this cute lil animation video called “Buggin you”!! I have seen this video like a thousand times but still I keep seeing it whenever I spend time on this site!! If you haven seen this video yet, its just a click away!! Enjoy!!
My first city away from my country- Vancouver!! Heaven on Earth!! Or is it because I have not seen other beautiful places in the world?? I don’t care !! This city is beauty at its peak during the summers and not that much during the winters!! So many places to see, so many places to eat!! Nature dressed at her best and one of the most livable cities in the world!! This is one of the most well planned and laid out city.
You can keep walking for hours and you will not feel tired. You can totally trust me on this one because I am not a person who walks or used to. But walking in the streets of Vancouver gives me so much of pleasure. If I am bored, I always take a walk near English bay or the ever happening Granville street. This is the street of Vancouver according to me when it comes to partying. All the major pubs and discotheques can be found here and how can I miss Robson street.. Shoppinnggg!!!! Thats the street to go!! Any brand, any food, coffee shops etc you name it you can find it. And there is a place which serves you chocolate buffet!! I know.. I can see your eyes goo BIG..lol!! And oo yeah.. Davie street.. The first street that I was taken to… Famous for few interesting reasons.. and down that road is Denman!!! And voilaaaa..the lovely view of the beach(English Bay)!!!I always love to take a walk on that street too!!
During summers you can find people roller blading which was one of things that I always wanted to learn and become an expert at. I bought one after coming here wanting to learn but didn’t!!! Bad luck!! You can see that in my closet:(!! But one thing that I learnt after coming here was playing snooker!!Thanks to Commodore because that is where my friends and I were hanging out and playing snooker practically everyday!! Not an expert at it right now but can say “Hey wanna play LTP??” lol!!! All my friends who leave Vancouver miss it so much(as we are all students) that they wish they had not left from here. I guess my time will come soon and I’m sure I’m going to miss it worse than my friends:(.
It is also a place where you can find various diverse types of communities and people. And guess what?? Vancouver is the host of 2010 Winter Olympics. !!Lil expensive but I guess at the end of the day, it’s all worth it!!!!!:)